viernes, 9 de enero de 2009

yakuq llikan tarpuypaq: System of water for cultivation


Ñawpa pachapi, punakunapi, cochakunaqa ñisqa, punku ñisqapis, tarpuypaq, llamakunaq, alpacakunaq laklayninpaq ruwasqa karqanku. Chay cochakuna muyu, chhuqu kay-ta atinku. Ancha ashka khatakunayoq, paraypa yakunta aylluqkuna, waru-warupura yakuta pusaqkuna.
Mana yakuta astawan uj punchwamanta manchayrayku tarpuypaq ayllunmanchu. kaylla ñawpa cochakunaman wiñasqa suqllaqa llamakunamanta, alpacakunamanta mikhusqa kan.
Wak llika waru-waru kanku. Titikaka cochapi, kunan kawsaq waru-waruqa ñawpa kururayta unanku.
(Translation by José Wasinger)

vocabulary:
suqlla: edge grass
waru-waru: camellones
chhuqu: rectangular
muyu: round
punku: artificial lake
unay: to sign
kururay: development
aylluy: to collect
laklay: to drink animal
khata: furrow

In prehispanic times in the punas were created the so-called cochas or artificial lakes used for cultivation and for the livestock to drink. These lakes can be round, elongated or rectangular and are composed of a great number of symmetrical furrows which collect rainwater and conduct it between the camellones of the furrows. The water should not collect for more than a day for fear of the crops rotting. On its edge grass grows consumed by the livestock who presently take advantage of abandoned cochas.
Another way to improve the system is the use of the camellones. In the Lake Titicaca region the so-called waru-waru were used which is a sign if previous great development.
(Text of Maria Rostworowski)